Your nose is important to your health. When it is not functioning properly, it can lead to a number of issues including breathing problems or loss of smell. Since these issues are often a sign of another condition or disorder they should be identified and treated as soon as possible.
Hay fever is the common term for allergic rhinitis, a condition in which your nasal passages become swollen and inflamed, producing cold-like symptoms. Unlike a cold, hay fever is caused by an allergic response to an indoor or outdoor substance such as pollen, mold, or animal dander. Avoiding the allergens that trigger your body’s immune system response is the best way to prevent hay fever. Drugs – including antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal and oral corticosteroids – are often helpful. Over-the-counter medications work fine in many cases, but if you aren’t finding relief from those, your doctor may prescribe stronger medications. Immunotherapy offer long-term relief when other options fail, and work by allowing your body to build up a tolerance to the offending substance by delivering gradually increasing doses over time.
Loss of Smell
Loss of smell, known medically as anosmia, is an inability to perceive odors. It can be partial or complete and, while rarely the symptom of a serious condition, can still cause misery for those suffering from its effects. It is usually temporary, the result of a cold or upper respiratory infection, but in some cases – especially those involving the elderly – the loss of smell may be permanent and a sign of a serious condition.
Though common and sometimes frightening, nosebleeds are rarely anything more than a nuisance. They are usually the result of minor irritations in the nasal passages, and most common in children younger than 10, or adults older than 50. If you are experiencing a nosebleed, it is important to stay calm. Sit down and lean forward slightly while pinching your nostrils together using a thumb and index finger. Hold this position for at least 5 minutes, or until the bleeding has stopped. Refrain from blowing your nose afterwards. If the bleeding hasn’t stopped after 20 minutes or is the result of an injury to the face, seek medical attention.